- Heavy use of idioms and colloquial expressions –eg. ‘breeze could cut him’ pg. 27 ‘lips curl up like the edge of a cashew fruit.’pg.28
- Use of symbols
ü People, places and objects
ü The church, Bolo(tradition), Prince and Ivan (power & authority) and Bee (the transition – between what was and what will be), Clem (embraces change) etc.
ü The church - contrast with the Richardson’s estate
- Use if images and literary devices.
- Use of repetition – ‘still black people was having dreams..’pg.36
Impact of War
- Traditional way of life – uprooted, threatened.
- Culture - being questioned – what is acceptable is no longer certain. Eg. stickfighting doesn’t hold the same sentimence. Degradation of society’s values and standards – prostitution.
- Economy – has changed – agriculture no longer revered or seen as a manly job. – consumerism – everything can be bought or has a price.
- Community members struggle with change
- Masculinity - redefined.
Characterization and Theme
- Bolo – representative of the traditional life – a dying lifestyle
- Traditional man -
- Refuses to accept – inevitable change – only sees the negative effect
Ivan and Prince
- Symbolic of oppression
- Disappointments – were seen as symbols of hope for the people
- Selfishness and greed
- Embody a different type of leadership
- His manhood and leadership questioned by both his family and church members
- Caught between rock and hard place – needs to show courage to son and family and church – both groups demand this in different ways.
Effectiveness of Flashback
- To provide background information to the behaviours of characters
- Understand the reason for the hope being placed in Ivan
- Allows for the readers to make their own assessment of characters and events
- Story moved from immediate past – to distant past.
- Distinction already being made regarding who is in good standing and whose character is questionable.
- Details of certain behaviour already being highlighted – eg. The Richardson, Ivan, Bee and Bolo
Suggested questions for characters in role play activity:
- The people regard you as their last hope for true representation regarding freedom of worship – How do you feel about this?
- Some people feel that nothing has changed with you as you were always aloof and distant from community members - what do you have to say in response to this?
- Many persons have been saying that since you have been exposed to a little power and authority you no longer remember where you are from – is this true?
- Why have you been so reluctant to openly express how you feel about what has been happening?
- What difficulties do you face as a leader, husband and father?
- Why are you so upset with the fact that the Americans are here?
- Many persons believe that you are afraid of embracing change and you want to continue with old practices that are no longer relevant – what do you have to say about this?
- How true is it that your negative feeling towards Ivan is because of Eulalee?