- Theme – The supernatural, stories used to explain unknown or phenomena. Beliefs held by society custom - culture
- Ol’ Higue – name given to woman who haunts babies – this results in sickness or death.
- Practices govern how this situation is treated – use of salt, rice grain and the sun.
- This belief has held its root and will not go away – because as long as babies get sick and die – blame will be cast on Ol Higue.
The Form – Layout of poem
- 3 stanzas written in free verse – this facilitates the type of poem – dramatic monologue – persona’s expression of her feelings. This also allows for introspection as well as involvement of the reader/listener to participate in the situation.
The How - Structure
- Dramatic monologue
- Diction – use of colloquial and expression relating to society eg. ‘dry-up woman’
- Movements among and within paragraphs – reader/listener invited to sympathize with her pleading to listeners – then to justification of actions – acceptance of relevance to society and mothers.
- Use of punctuation and lineation – question marks, ellipsis, exclamation – facilitates the dramatic monologue style, supports the changes in emotions and the need for the listener/reader to see from her point of view.
- Use of imagery – ‘few drops of baby blood’ blood running in new veins, ‘fly come’(literal and figurative)
- ‘Believe me-‘short line – to prepare the reader and solidify what is to come – an acceptable truth.
- See Notes on English B pg. 32-33
Comparison to other poem
- ‘Le Loupgarou’ – a sonnet - hence more structure is evident in terms of lineation, rhyme scheme
- Use of end and eye rhymes, poem divided into an octave and sestet
- Delving in the world of the supernatural – a realistic situation – a man Le Brun – being used and told as something supernatural.
- Story told as a rumour – section about him turning into a werewolf – this is to both facilitate the extent of his actions what happened to him and the women’s dislike of him.
- Use of imagery and literary devices – oxymoron ‘Christian witches’ howled and lugged.
- Both poems Caribbean in nature – custom and tradition – affects practices done and treatment given to and by people.